Table of Contents

Place specifications

Place (PLAC)

A place name is rather an attribute of a place, than an identification.:
A place can have more than one name, and different places may have the same name. For a unique identification we need the coordinates (MAP).

The name of the place can be amended with higher level jurisdictions, e.g. City, County, State. These jurisdictions are separated by commas, for example, »Cove, Cache, Utah, USA«.

Place names already used for a tag are automatically completed during typing and can be accepted with the Enter key. They can be selected by the drop-down menu (black triangle on the right).

Coordinates are entered as e.g.

LATI N18.150944
LONG E168.150944

If the jurisdictional structure in a file is fairly uniform, we may enter the names of the jurisdiction levels: right-click on some place field → context menu Property 'Place – Birth' → Set hierarchy for place values'. They are stored in the file header and are shown in the editor. From now GenJ accounts for missing jurisdiction names by commas.
Later changes of the global place hierarchy are possible in the same way. But any values already entered will remain unchanged.

The following applies:

A place name generally has to be recorded as it occurs in the source or was official at the time of the event.

For places with several names, e.g. in different languages or after renaming, many decide to stick to one of them within the file for practical reasons: searching and evaluations are easier. But in these cases the names used in the sources should definitely be recorded in a Note attached to the name.

Conflicting event places should be represented by placing them in separate event structures with appropriate source citations rather than by placing them under the same enclosing event. For problems see GEDCOM Usage Recommendations.

Further keywords: multilingual place names

Address (ADDR)

The contemporary place, usually required for postal purposes, of an individual, a submitter of information, a repository, a business, a school, or a company. It is valid only during a given timeframe. (Whereas a place (PLAC) represents permanently a fixed point on earth.)

The address should be formed as it would appear on a mailing label. The subordinate tags such as city (CITY), popstal code (POST), state (STAE) and country (CTRY) are for systems that use their addresses for indexing and sorting.

Residence (RESI)

see Events and attributes

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